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path: root/legacy/ecore/src/lib/ecore/ecore_pipe.c
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/*
 * vim:ts=8:sw=3:sts=8:noexpandtab:cino=>5n-3f0^-2{2
 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include <config.h>
#endif

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>

#ifdef HAVE_EVIL
# include <Evil.h>
#endif

#include "ecore_private.h"
#include "Ecore.h"

/* How of then we should retry to write to the pipe */
#define ECORE_PIPE_WRITE_RETRY 6

/*
 * On Windows, pipe() is implemented with sockets.
 * Contrary to Linux, Windows uses different functions
 * for sockets and fd's: write() is for fd's and send
 * is for sockets. So I need to put some win32 code
 * here. I can't think of a solution where the win32
 * code is in Evil and not here.
 */

#ifdef _WIN32

# include <winsock2.h>

# define pipe_write(fd, buffer, size) send((fd), (char *)(buffer), size, 0)
# define pipe_read(fd, buffer, size)  recv((fd), (char *)(buffer), size, 0)
# define pipe_close(fd)               closesocket(fd)
# define PIPE_FD_INVALID              INVALID_SOCKET
# define PIPE_FD_ERROR                SOCKET_ERROR

#else

# include <unistd.h>
# include <fcntl.h>

# define pipe_write(fd, buffer, size) write((fd), buffer, size)
# define pipe_read(fd, buffer, size)  read((fd), buffer, size)
# define pipe_close(fd)               close(fd)
# define PIPE_FD_INVALID              -1
# define PIPE_FD_ERROR                -1

#endif /* ! _WIN32 */

struct _Ecore_Pipe
{
   ECORE_MAGIC;
   int               fd_read;
   int               fd_write;
   Ecore_Fd_Handler *fd_handler;
   const void       *data;
   void            (*handler) (void *data, void *buffer, unsigned int nbyte);
   unsigned int      len;
   size_t            already_read;
   void             *passed_data;
};


static int _ecore_pipe_read(void *data, Ecore_Fd_Handler *fd_handler);

/**
 * @defgroup Ecore_Pipe_Group Pipe wrapper
 *
 * These functions wrap the pipe / write / read functions to
 * easily integrate a loop that is in its own thread to the ecore
 * main loop.
 *
 * The ecore_pipe_add() function creates file descriptors (sockets on
 * Windows) and attach an handle to the ecore main loop. That handle is
 * called when data is read in the pipe. To write data in the pipe,
 * just call ecore_pipe_write(). When you are done, just call
 * ecore_pipe_del().
 *
 * Here is an example that uses the pipe wrapper with a Gstreamer
 * pipeline. For each decoded frame in the Gstreamer thread, a handle
 * is called in the ecore thread.
 *
 * @code#include <gst/gst.h>
 * #include <Ecore.h>
 *
 * static int nbr = 0;
 *
 * static GstElement *_buid_pipeline (gchar *filename, Ecore_Pipe *pipe);
 *
 * static void new_decoded_pad_cb (GstElement *demuxer,
 *                                 GstPad     *new_pad,
 *                                 gpointer    user_data);
 *
 * static void handler(void *data, void *buf, unsigned int len)
 * {
 *   GstBuffer  *buffer = *((GstBuffer **)buf);
 *
 *   printf ("handler : %p\n", buffer);
 *   printf ("frame  : %d %p %lld %p\n", nbr++, data, (long long)GST_BUFFER_DURATION(buffer), buffer);
 *   gst_buffer_unref (buffer);
 * }
 *
 *
 * static void handoff (GstElement* object,
 *                      GstBuffer* arg0,
 *                      GstPad* arg1,
 *                      gpointer user_data)
 * {
 *   Ecore_Pipe *pipe;
 *
 *   pipe = (Ecore_Pipe *)user_data;
 *   printf ("handoff : %p\n", arg0);
 *   gst_buffer_ref (arg0);
 *   ecore_pipe_write(pipe, &arg0, sizeof(arg0));
 * }
 *
 * int
 * main (int argc, char *argv[])
 * {
 *   GstElement *pipeline;
 *   char *filename;
 *   Ecore_Pipe *pipe;
 *
 *   gst_init (&argc, &argv);
 *
 *   if (!ecore_init ())
 *     {
 *       gst_deinit ();
 *       return 0;
 *     }
 *
 *   pipe = ecore_pipe_add (handler);
 *   if (!pipe)
 *     {
 *       ecore_shutdown ();
 *       gst_deinit ();
 *       return 0;
 *     }
 *
 *   if (argc < 2) {
 *     g_print ("usage: %s file.avi\n", argv[0]);
 *     ecore_pipe_del (pipe);
 *     ecore_shutdown ();
 *     gst_deinit ();
 *     return 0;
 *   }
 *   filename = argv[1];
 *
 *   pipeline = _buid_pipeline (filename, pipe);
 *   if (!pipeline) {
 *     g_print ("Error during the pipeline building\n");
 *     ecore_pipe_del (pipe);
 *     ecore_shutdown ();
 *     gst_deinit ();
 *     return -1;
 *   }
 *
 *   gst_element_set_state (pipeline, GST_STATE_PLAYING);
 *
 *   ecore_main_loop_begin();
 *
 *   ecore_pipe_del (pipe);
 *   ecore_shutdown ();
 *   gst_deinit ();
 *
 *   return 0;
 * }
 *
 * static void
 * new_decoded_pad_cb (GstElement *demuxer,
 *                     GstPad     *new_pad,
 *                     gpointer    user_data)
 * {
 *   GstElement *decoder;
 *   GstPad *pad;
 *   GstCaps *caps;
 *   gchar *str;
 *
 *   caps = gst_pad_get_caps (new_pad);
 *   str = gst_caps_to_string (caps);
 *
 *   if (g_str_has_prefix (str, "video/")) {
 *     decoder = GST_ELEMENT (user_data);
 *
 *     pad = gst_element_get_pad (decoder, "sink");
 *     if (GST_PAD_LINK_FAILED (gst_pad_link (new_pad, pad))) {
 *       g_warning ("Failed to link %s:%s to %s:%s", GST_DEBUG_PAD_NAME (new_pad),
 *                  GST_DEBUG_PAD_NAME (pad));
 *     }
 *   }
 *   g_free (str);
 *   gst_caps_unref (caps);
 * }
 *
 * static GstElement *
 * _buid_pipeline (gchar *filename, Ecore_Pipe *pipe)
 * {
 *   GstElement          *pipeline;
 *   GstElement          *filesrc;
 *   GstElement          *demuxer;
 *   GstElement          *decoder;
 *   GstElement          *sink;
  GstStateChangeReturn res;
 *
 *   pipeline = gst_pipeline_new ("pipeline");
 *   if (!pipeline)
 *     return NULL;
 *
 *   filesrc = gst_element_factory_make ("filesrc", "filesrc");
 *   if (!filesrc) {
 *     printf ("no filesrc");
 *     goto failure;
 *   }
 *   g_object_set (G_OBJECT (filesrc), "location", filename, NULL);
 *
 *   demuxer = gst_element_factory_make ("oggdemux", "demuxer");
 *   if (!demuxer) {
 *     printf ("no demux");
 *     goto failure;
 *   }
 *
 *   decoder = gst_element_factory_make ("theoradec", "decoder");
 *   if (!decoder) {
 *     printf ("no dec");
 *     goto failure;
 *   }
 *
 *   g_signal_connect (demuxer, "pad-added",
 *                     G_CALLBACK (new_decoded_pad_cb), decoder);
 *
 *   sink = gst_element_factory_make ("fakesink", "sink");
 *   if (!sink) {
 *     printf ("no sink");
 *     goto failure;
 *   }
 *   g_object_set (G_OBJECT (sink), "sync", TRUE, NULL);
 *   g_object_set (G_OBJECT (sink), "signal-handoffs", TRUE, NULL);
 *   g_signal_connect (sink, "handoff",
 *                     G_CALLBACK (handoff), pipe);
 *
 *   gst_bin_add_many (GST_BIN (pipeline),
 *                     filesrc, demuxer, decoder, sink, NULL);
 *
 *   if (!gst_element_link (filesrc, demuxer))
 *     goto failure;
 *   if (!gst_element_link (decoder, sink))
 *     goto failure;
 *
 *   res = gst_element_set_state (pipeline, GST_STATE_PAUSED);
 *   if (res == GST_STATE_CHANGE_FAILURE)
 *     goto failure;
 *
 *   res = gst_element_get_state( pipeline, NULL, NULL, GST_CLOCK_TIME_NONE );
 *   if (res != GST_STATE_CHANGE_SUCCESS)
 *     goto failure;
 *
 *   return pipeline;
 *
 *  failure:
 *   gst_object_unref (GST_OBJECT (pipeline));
 *   return NULL;
 * }
 * @endcode
 */


/**
 * Create two file descriptors (sockets on Windows). Add
 * a callback that will be called when the file descriptor that
 * is listened receives data. An event is also put in the event
 * queue when data is received.
 *
 * @param handler The handler called when data is received.
 * @param data    Data to pass to @p handler when it is called.
 * @return        A newly created Ecore_Pipe object if successful.
 *                @c NULL otherwise.
 * @ingroup Ecore_Pipe_Group
 */
EAPI Ecore_Pipe *
ecore_pipe_add(void (*handler) (void *data, void *buffer, unsigned int nbyte),
               const void *data)
{
   Ecore_Pipe *p;
   int         fds[2];

   if (!handler) return NULL;

   p = (Ecore_Pipe *)calloc(1, sizeof(Ecore_Pipe));
   if (!p) return NULL;

   if (pipe(fds))
     {
        free(p);
        return NULL;
     }

   ECORE_MAGIC_SET(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE);
   p->fd_read = fds[0];
   p->fd_write = fds[1];
   p->handler = handler;
   p->data = data;

#ifndef _WIN32
   fcntl(p->fd_read, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);
#endif /* _WIN32 */
   p->fd_handler = ecore_main_fd_handler_add(p->fd_read,
                                          ECORE_FD_READ,
                                          _ecore_pipe_read,
                                          p,
                                          NULL, NULL);
   return p;
}

/**
 * Free an Ecore_Pipe object created with ecore_pipe_add().
 *
 * @param p The Ecore_Pipe object to be freed.
 * @return The pointer to the private data
 * @ingroup Ecore_Pipe_Group
 */
EAPI void *
ecore_pipe_del(Ecore_Pipe *p)
{
   void *data;

   if (!ECORE_MAGIC_CHECK(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE))
     {
	ECORE_MAGIC_FAIL(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE, "ecore_pipe_del");
	return NULL;
     }
   if (p->fd_handler != NULL) ecore_main_fd_handler_del(p->fd_handler);
   if (p->fd_read != PIPE_FD_INVALID) pipe_close(p->fd_read);
   if (p->fd_write != PIPE_FD_INVALID) pipe_close(p->fd_write);
   data = (void *)p->data;
   free(p);
   return data;
}

/**
 * Close the read end of an Ecore_Pipe object created with ecore_pipe_add().
 *
 * @param p The Ecore_Pipe object.
 * @ingroup Ecore_Pipe_Group
 */
EAPI void
ecore_pipe_read_close(Ecore_Pipe *p)
{
   if (!ECORE_MAGIC_CHECK(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE))
     {
	ECORE_MAGIC_FAIL(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE, "ecore_pipe_read_close");
	return;
     }
   ecore_main_fd_handler_del(p->fd_handler);
   p->fd_handler = NULL;
   pipe_close(p->fd_read);
   p->fd_read = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
}

/**
 * Close the write end of an Ecore_Pipe object created with ecore_pipe_add().
 *
 * @param p The Ecore_Pipe object.
 * @ingroup Ecore_Pipe_Group
 */
EAPI void
ecore_pipe_write_close(Ecore_Pipe *p)
{
   if (!ECORE_MAGIC_CHECK(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE))
     {
	ECORE_MAGIC_FAIL(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE, "ecore_pipe_write_close");
	return;
     }
   pipe_close(p->fd_write);
   p->fd_write = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
}

/**
 * Write on the file descriptor the data passed as parameter.
 *
 * @param p      The Ecore_Pipe object.
 * @param buffer The data to write into the pipe.
 * @param nbytes The size of the @p buffer in bytes
 * @return       Returns TRUE on a successful write, FALSE on an error
 * @ingroup Ecore_Pipe_Group
 */
EAPI int
ecore_pipe_write(Ecore_Pipe *p, const void *buffer, unsigned int nbytes)
{
   ssize_t ret;
   size_t  already_written = 0;
   int     retry = ECORE_PIPE_WRITE_RETRY;

   if (!ECORE_MAGIC_CHECK(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE))
     {
	ECORE_MAGIC_FAIL(p, ECORE_MAGIC_PIPE, "ecore_pipe_write");
	return FALSE;
     }

   if (p->fd_write == PIPE_FD_INVALID) return FALSE;

   /* First write the len into the pipe */
   do
     {
	ret = pipe_write(p->fd_write, &nbytes, sizeof(nbytes));
	if (ret == sizeof(nbytes))
	  {
	     retry = ECORE_PIPE_WRITE_RETRY;
	     break;
	  }
	else if (ret > 0)
	  {
	     /* XXX What should we do here? */
	     fprintf(stderr, "The length of the data was not written complete"
                     " to the pipe\n");
	     return FALSE;
	  }
	else if (ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR && errno == EPIPE)
	  {
	     pipe_close(p->fd_write);
	     p->fd_write = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
	     return FALSE;
	  }
	else if (ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR && errno == EINTR)
	  /* try it again */
	  ;
	else
	  {
	     fprintf(stderr, "An unhandled error (ret: %d errno: %d)"
                     "occured while writing to the pipe the length\n",
                     ret, errno);
	  }
     }
   while (retry--);

   if (retry != ECORE_PIPE_WRITE_RETRY) return FALSE;

   /* and now pass the data to the pipe */
   do
     {
	ret = pipe_write(p->fd_write,
                         ((unsigned char *)buffer) + already_written,
                         nbytes - already_written);
        
	if (ret == (ssize_t)(nbytes - already_written))
	  return TRUE;
	else if (ret >= 0)
	  {
	     already_written -= ret;
	     continue;
	  }
	else if (ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR && errno == EPIPE)
	  {
	     pipe_close(p->fd_write);
	     p->fd_write = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
	     return FALSE;
	  }
	else if (ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR && errno == EINTR)
	  /* try it again */
	  ;
	else
	  {
	     fprintf(stderr, "An unhandled error (ret: %d errno: %d)"
                     "occured while writing to the pipe the length\n",
                     ret, errno);
	  }
     }
   while (retry--);

   return FALSE;
}

/* Private function */

static int
_ecore_pipe_read(void *data, Ecore_Fd_Handler *fd_handler __UNUSED__)
{
   Ecore_Pipe  *p;
   double       start_time;

   p = (Ecore_Pipe *)data;
   start_time = ecore_time_get();

   do
     {
	ssize_t       ret;

	/* if we already have read some data we don't need to read the len
	 * but to finish the already started job
	 */
	if (p->len == 0)
	  {
	     /* read the len of the passed data */
	     ret = pipe_read(p->fd_read, &p->len, sizeof(p->len));

	     /* catch the non error case first */
	     if (ret == sizeof(p->len))
	       ;
	     else if (ret > 0)
	       {
		  /* XXX What should we do here? */
		  fprintf(stderr, "Only read %d bytes from the pipe, although"
                          " we need to read %d bytes.\n", ret, sizeof(p->len));
	       }
	     else if (ret == 0)
	       {
		  p->handler((void *)p->data, NULL, 0);
		  pipe_close(p->fd_read);
		  p->fd_read = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
		  p->fd_handler = NULL;
		  return ECORE_CALLBACK_CANCEL;
	       }
#ifndef _WIN32
	     else if ((ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR) && ((errno == EINTR) || (errno == EAGAIN)))
	       return ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW;
	     else
	       {
		  fprintf(stderr, "An unhandled error (ret: %d errno: %d)"
                          "occured while reading from the pipe the length\n",
                          ret, errno);
                  return ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW;
	       }
#else
	     else /* ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR is the only other case on Windows */
	       {
                  if (WSAGetLastError() != WSAEWOULDBLOCK)
                    {
                       p->handler((void *)p->data, NULL, 0);
                       pipe_close(p->fd_read);
                       p->fd_read = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
                       p->fd_handler = NULL;
                       return ECORE_CALLBACK_CANCEL;
                    }
	       }
#endif
	  }

	if (!p->passed_data)
	  p->passed_data = malloc(p->len);

	/* and read the passed data */
	ret = pipe_read(p->fd_read,
                        ((unsigned char *)p->passed_data) + p->already_read,
                        p->len - p->already_read);
        
	/* catch the non error case first */
	if (ret == (ssize_t)(p->len - p->already_read))
	  {
	     p->handler((void *)p->data, p->passed_data, p->len);
	     free(p->passed_data);
	     /* reset all values to 0 */
	     p->passed_data = NULL;
	     p->already_read = 0;
	     p->len = 0;
	  }
	else if (ret >= 0)
	  {
	     p->already_read += ret;
	     return ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW;
	  }
	else if (ret == 0)
	  {
	     p->handler((void *)p->data, NULL, 0);
	     pipe_close(p->fd_read);
	     p->fd_read = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
	     p->fd_handler = NULL;
	     return ECORE_CALLBACK_CANCEL;
	  }
#ifndef _WIN32
	else if (ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR && (errno == EINTR || errno == EAGAIN))
	  return ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW;
	else
	  {
	     fprintf(stderr, "An unhandled error (ret: %d errno: %d)"
                     "occured while reading from the pipe the data\n",
                     ret, errno);
	     return ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW;
	  }
#else
        else /* ret == PIPE_FD_ERROR is the only other case on Windows */
          {
             if (WSAGetLastError() != WSAEWOULDBLOCK)
               {
                  p->handler((void *)p->data, NULL, 0);
                  pipe_close(p->fd_read);
                  p->fd_read = PIPE_FD_INVALID;
                  p->fd_handler = NULL;
                  return ECORE_CALLBACK_CANCEL;
               }
             else
               break;
          }
#endif
     }
   while (ecore_time_get() - start_time < ecore_animator_frametime_get());
   
   return ECORE_CALLBACK_RENEW;
}