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path: root/src/examples/ecore/efl_net_server_simple_example.c
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#define EFL_BETA_API_SUPPORT 1
#define EFL_EO_API_SUPPORT 1
#include <Ecore.h>
#include <Ecore_Con.h>
#include <Ecore_Getopt.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

static int retval = EXIT_SUCCESS;
static Eina_Bool echo = EINA_FALSE;
static double timeout = 10.0;

/* NOTE: client i/o events are only used as debug, you can omit these */

static void
_client_can_read_changed(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: client %s can_read=%d\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(event->object),
           efl_io_reader_can_read_get(event->object));
}

static void
_client_can_write_changed(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: client %s can_write=%d\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(event->object),
           efl_io_writer_can_write_get(event->object));
}

static void
_client_eos(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: client %s eos.\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(event->object));
}

static void
_client_read_finished(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   Eina_Slice s;

   /* on _error() we close it, then do not read as it has nothing */
   if (efl_io_closer_closed_get(event->object))
     return;

   if (echo) return;

   if (efl_io_buffered_stream_slice_get(event->object, &s))
     {
        fprintf(stderr,
                "-- BEGIN RECEIVED DATA --\n"
                EINA_SLICE_STR_FMT
                "-- END RECEIVED DATA--\n",
                EINA_SLICE_STR_PRINT(s));
     }
}

static void
_client_closed(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: client %s closed.\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(event->object));
}

/* this is the only event that matters, from here we remove our extra
 * reference from the client and let it be deleted.
 */
static void
_client_finished(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: client %s finished sending and receiving, remove extra reference.\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(event->object));
   if (!efl_io_closer_closed_get(event->object))
     efl_io_closer_close(event->object);
   efl_unref(event->object);
}

/*
 * On errors, such as ETIMEDOUT, we want to close the client if not
 * happened yet.
 */
static void
_client_error(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   Eina_Error *perr = event->info;
   fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: client %s error: %s\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(event->object),
           eina_error_msg_get(*perr));
   if (!efl_io_closer_closed_get(event->object))
     efl_io_closer_close(event->object);
}

EFL_CALLBACKS_ARRAY_DEFINE(client_cbs,
                           { EFL_IO_READER_EVENT_CAN_READ_CHANGED, _client_can_read_changed },
                           { EFL_IO_READER_EVENT_EOS, _client_eos },
                           { EFL_IO_WRITER_EVENT_CAN_WRITE_CHANGED, _client_can_write_changed },
                           { EFL_IO_CLOSER_EVENT_CLOSED, _client_closed },
                           { EFL_IO_BUFFERED_STREAM_EVENT_READ_FINISHED, _client_read_finished },
                           { EFL_IO_BUFFERED_STREAM_EVENT_FINISHED, _client_finished },
                           { EFL_IO_BUFFERED_STREAM_EVENT_ERROR, _client_error });


/* copier events are of interest, you should hook to at least "done"
 * and "error"
 */

/* echo copier is about the same socket, you can close it right away */

static void
_echo_copier_done(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   Eo *copier = event->object;
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: echo copier done, close and del %p\n", copier);
   efl_del(copier); /* set to close_on_destructor, will auto close copier and client */
}

static void
_echo_copier_error(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   Eo *copier = event->object;
   const Eina_Error *perr = event->info;

   if (*perr == ETIMEDOUT)
     {
        Eo *client = efl_io_copier_source_get(copier);
        fprintf(stderr, "INFO: client '%s' timed out, delete it.\n",
                efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(client));
        efl_del(copier);
        return;
     }

   retval = EXIT_FAILURE;

   fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: echo copier %p failed %d '%s', close and del.\n",
           copier, *perr, eina_error_msg_get(*perr));

   efl_del(copier);
}

EFL_CALLBACKS_ARRAY_DEFINE(echo_copier_cbs,
                           { EFL_IO_COPIER_EVENT_DONE, _echo_copier_done },
                           { EFL_IO_COPIER_EVENT_ERROR, _echo_copier_error});

/* server events are mandatory, afterall you need to define what's
 * going to happen after a client socket is connected. This is the
 * "client,add" event.
 *
 * if clients_limit and clients_reject_excess are set, then
 * "client,rejected" is dispatched for rejected sockets, they contain
 * the string with socket identification.
 */
static void
_server_client_add(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   Efl_Net_Socket *client = event->info;

   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: accepted client %s\n",
           efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(client));

   /* to use a client, you must efl_ref() it. */
   efl_ref(client);

   /*
    * monitor the client if it's done and for debug purposes
    * (optional)
    */
   efl_event_callback_array_add(client, client_cbs(), NULL);

   efl_io_buffered_stream_inactivity_timeout_set(client, timeout);

   /*
    * Since sockets are reader/writer/closer objects, we can use the
    * Efl_Io_Copier utility.
    */

   if (echo)
     {
        /*
         * An echo copier is pretty simple, use the socket as both
         * source and destination.
         *
         * This is the same as efl_net_server_example.c
         */
        Eo *echo_copier = efl_add(EFL_IO_COPIER_CLASS, efl_parent_get(client),
                                  efl_io_copier_source_set(efl_added, client),
                                  efl_io_copier_destination_set(efl_added, client),
                                  efl_event_callback_array_add(efl_added, echo_copier_cbs(), client),
                                  efl_io_closer_close_on_destructor_set(efl_added, EINA_TRUE) /* we want to auto-close as we have a single copier */
                                  );

        fprintf(stderr, "INFO: using an echo copier=%p for client %s\n",
                echo_copier, efl_net_socket_address_remote_get(client));
        return;
     }
   else
     {
        /*
         * Here is where the "simple" kicks in, instead of all the
         * complexity listed in efl_net_server_example.c, we just
         * "write & forget" the "Hello World!" and wait for all data
         * to be received with a simple "finished" event.
         */
        Eina_Slice slice = EINA_SLICE_STR_LITERAL("Hello World!");

        efl_io_writer_write(client, &slice, NULL);
        efl_io_buffered_stream_eos_mark(client); /* say that's it */
     }
}

static void
_server_client_rejected(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   const char *client_address = event->info;
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: rejected client %s\n", client_address);
}

static void
_server_error(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   const Eina_Error *perr = event->info;
   fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: %d '%s'\n", *perr, eina_error_msg_get(*perr));
   retval = EXIT_FAILURE;
   ecore_main_loop_quit();
}

static void
_server_serving(void *data EINA_UNUSED, const Efl_Event *event)
{
   fprintf(stderr, "INFO: serving at %s\n",
           efl_net_server_address_get(event->object));

   if (efl_class_get(event->object) == EFL_NET_SERVER_TCP_CLASS)
     {
        fprintf(stderr,
                "TCP options:\n"
                " - IPv6 only: %u\n",
                efl_net_server_tcp_ipv6_only_get(event->object));
     }
   else if (efl_class_get(event->object) == EFL_NET_SERVER_UDP_CLASS)
     {
        Eina_Iterator *it;
        const char *str;

        fprintf(stderr,
                "UDP options:\n"
                " - IPv6 only: %u\n"
                " - don't route: %u\n"
                " - multicast TTL: %u\n"
                " - multicast loopback: %u\n"
                " - multicast groups:\n",
                efl_net_server_udp_ipv6_only_get(event->object),
                efl_net_server_udp_dont_route_get(event->object),
                efl_net_server_udp_multicast_time_to_live_get(event->object),
                efl_net_server_udp_multicast_loopback_get(event->object));

        it = efl_net_server_udp_multicast_groups_get(event->object);
        EINA_ITERATOR_FOREACH(it, str)
          fprintf(stderr, "   * %s\n", str);
        eina_iterator_free(it);
     }
}

EFL_CALLBACKS_ARRAY_DEFINE(server_cbs,
                           { EFL_NET_SERVER_EVENT_CLIENT_ADD, _server_client_add },
                           { EFL_NET_SERVER_EVENT_CLIENT_REJECTED, _server_client_rejected },
                           { EFL_NET_SERVER_EVENT_ERROR, _server_error },
                           { EFL_NET_SERVER_EVENT_SERVING, _server_serving });

static const char * protocols[] = {
  "tcp",
  "udp",
  "ssl",
#ifndef _WIN32
  "unix",
#endif
  NULL
};

static const char *ciphers_strs[] = {
  "auto",
  "sslv3",
  "tlsv1",
  "tlsv1.1",
  "tlsv1.2",
  NULL
};

static const Ecore_Getopt options = {
  "efl_net_server_example", /* program name */
  NULL, /* usage line */
  "1", /* version */
  "(C) 2016 Enlightenment Project", /* copyright */
  "BSD 2-Clause", /* license */
  /* long description, may be multiline and contain \n */
  "Example of Efl_Net_Server objects usage.\n"
  "\n"
  "This example spawns a server of the given protocol at the given address.",
  EINA_FALSE,
  {
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_TRUE('e', "echo",
                            "Behave as 'echo' server, send back to client all the data receive"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_TRUE(0, "socket-activated",
                            "Try to use $LISTEN_FDS from systemd, if not do a regular serve()"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_UINT('l', "clients-limit",
                            "If set will limit number of clients to accept"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_TRUE('r', "clients-reject-excess",
                            "Immediately reject excess clients (over limit)"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_FALSE(0, "ipv4-on-ipv6",
                            "IPv4 clients will be automatically converted into IPv6 and handled transparently."),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_DOUBLE('t', "inactivity-timeout",
                              "The timeout in seconds to disconnect a client. The timeout is restarted for each client when there is some activity. It's particularly useful for UDP where there is no disconnection event."),

    ECORE_GETOPT_VERSION('V', "version"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_COPYRIGHT('C', "copyright"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_LICENSE('L', "license"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_HELP('h', "help"),

    ECORE_GETOPT_CATEGORY("udp", "UDP options"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_TRUE(0, "udp-dont-route",
                            "If true, datagrams won't be routed using a gateway, being restricted to the local network."),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_UINT(0, "udp-multicast-ttl",
                            "Multicast time to live in number of hops from 0-255. Defaults to 1 (only local network)."),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_FALSE(0, "udp-multicast-noloopback",
                            "Disable multicast loopback."),
    ECORE_GETOPT_APPEND('M', "udp-multicast-group", "Join a multicast group in the form 'IP@INTERFACE', with optional '@INTERFACE', where INTERFACE is the IP address of the interface to join the multicast.", ECORE_GETOPT_TYPE_STR),

    ECORE_GETOPT_CATEGORY("ssl", "SSL options"),
    ECORE_GETOPT_CHOICE('c', "ssl-cipher", "Cipher to use, defaults to 'auto'", ciphers_strs),
    ECORE_GETOPT_APPEND(0, "ssl-certificate", "certificate path to use.", ECORE_GETOPT_TYPE_STR),
    ECORE_GETOPT_APPEND(0, "ssl-private-key", "private key path to use.", ECORE_GETOPT_TYPE_STR),
    ECORE_GETOPT_APPEND(0, "ssl-crl", "certificate revogation list to use.", ECORE_GETOPT_TYPE_STR),
    ECORE_GETOPT_APPEND(0, "ssl-ca", "certificate authorities path to use.", ECORE_GETOPT_TYPE_STR),

    ECORE_GETOPT_CHOICE_METAVAR(0, NULL, "The server protocol.", "protocol",
                                protocols),
    ECORE_GETOPT_STORE_METAVAR_STR(0, NULL,
                                   "The server address to listen, such as "
                                   "IPv4:PORT, [IPv6]:PORT, Unix socket path...",
                                   "address"),

    ECORE_GETOPT_SENTINEL
  }
};

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
   const Efl_Class *cls;
   char *protocol = NULL;
   char *address = NULL;
   Eina_List *udp_mcast_groups = NULL;
   char *str;
   unsigned int clients_limit = 0;
   unsigned udp_mcast_ttl = 1;
   Eina_Bool clients_reject_excess = EINA_FALSE;
   Eina_Bool ipv6_only = EINA_TRUE;
   Eina_Bool udp_dont_route = EINA_FALSE;
   Eina_Bool udp_mcast_loopback = EINA_TRUE;
   Eina_List *certificates = NULL;
   Eina_List *private_keys = NULL;
   Eina_List *crls = NULL;
   Eina_List *cas = NULL;
   char *cipher_choice = NULL;
   Eina_Bool socket_activated = EINA_FALSE;
   Eina_Bool quit_option = EINA_FALSE;
   Ecore_Getopt_Value values[] = {
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(echo),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(socket_activated),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_UINT(clients_limit),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(clients_reject_excess),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(ipv6_only),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_DOUBLE(timeout),

     /* standard block to provide version, copyright, license and help */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(quit_option), /* -V/--version quits */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(quit_option), /* -C/--copyright quits */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(quit_option), /* -L/--license quits */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(quit_option), /* -h/--help quits */

     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(quit_option), /* category: udp */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(udp_dont_route),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_UINT(udp_mcast_ttl),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(udp_mcast_loopback),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_LIST(udp_mcast_groups),

     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_BOOL(quit_option), /* category: ssl */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_STR(cipher_choice),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_LIST(certificates),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_LIST(private_keys),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_LIST(crls),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_LIST(cas),

     /* positional argument */
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_STR(protocol),
     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_STR(address),

     ECORE_GETOPT_VALUE_NONE /* sentinel */
   };
   int args;
   Eo *simple_server, *server;
   Eina_Error err;

   ecore_init();
   ecore_con_init();

   args = ecore_getopt_parse(&options, values, argc, argv);
   if (args < 0)
     {
        fputs("ERROR: Could not parse command line options.\n", stderr);
        retval = EXIT_FAILURE;
        goto end;
     }

   if (quit_option) goto end;

   args = ecore_getopt_parse_positional(&options, values, argc, argv, args);
   if (args < 0)
     {
        fputs("ERROR: Could not parse positional arguments.\n", stderr);
        retval = EXIT_FAILURE;
        goto end;
     }

   if (!protocol)
     {
        fputs("ERROR: missing protocol.\n", stderr);
        retval = EXIT_FAILURE;
        goto end;
     }

   if (strcmp(protocol, "tcp") == 0) cls = EFL_NET_SERVER_TCP_CLASS;
   else if (strcmp(protocol, "udp") == 0) cls = EFL_NET_SERVER_UDP_CLASS;
   else if (strcmp(protocol, "ssl") == 0) cls = EFL_NET_SERVER_SSL_CLASS;
#ifndef _WIN32
   else if (strcmp(protocol, "unix") == 0) cls = EFL_NET_SERVER_UNIX_CLASS;
#endif
   else
     {
        fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: unsupported protocol: %s\n", protocol);
        goto end;
     }

   simple_server = efl_add(EFL_NET_SERVER_SIMPLE_CLASS, ecore_main_loop_get(), /* it's mandatory to use a main loop provider as the server parent */
                           efl_net_server_simple_inner_class_set(efl_added, cls), /* alternatively you could create the inner server and set with efl_net_server_simple_inner_server_set() */
                           efl_net_server_clients_limit_set(efl_added,
                                                            clients_limit,
                                                            clients_reject_excess), /* optional */
                           efl_event_callback_array_add(efl_added, server_cbs(), NULL)); /* mandatory to have "client,add" in order to be useful */
   if (!simple_server)
     {
        fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: could not create simple server for class %p (%s)\n",
                cls, efl_class_name_get(cls));
        goto end;
     }

   /* get the inner server so we can configure it for each protocol */
   server = efl_net_server_simple_inner_server_get(simple_server);

   if (cls == EFL_NET_SERVER_TCP_CLASS)
     {
        efl_net_server_tcp_ipv6_only_set(server, ipv6_only);
        efl_net_server_fd_close_on_exec_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* recommended */
        efl_net_server_fd_reuse_address_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* optional, but nice for testing */
        efl_net_server_fd_reuse_port_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* optional, but nice for testing... not secure unless you know what you're doing */

        if (socket_activated) efl_net_server_fd_socket_activate(server, address);
     }
   else if (cls == EFL_NET_SERVER_UDP_CLASS)
     {
        const Eina_List *lst;

        efl_net_server_udp_ipv6_only_set(server, ipv6_only);
        efl_net_server_udp_dont_route_set(server, udp_dont_route);

        efl_net_server_udp_multicast_time_to_live_set(server, udp_mcast_ttl);
        efl_net_server_udp_multicast_loopback_set(server, udp_mcast_loopback);

        EINA_LIST_FOREACH(udp_mcast_groups, lst, str)
          efl_net_server_udp_multicast_join(server, str);


        efl_net_server_fd_close_on_exec_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* recommended */
        efl_net_server_fd_reuse_address_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* optional, but nice for testing */
        efl_net_server_fd_reuse_port_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* optional, but nice for testing... not secure unless you know what you're doing */
        if (socket_activated) efl_net_server_fd_socket_activate(server, address);
     }
   else if (cls == EFL_NET_SERVER_SSL_CLASS)
     {
        Eo *ssl_ctx;
        Efl_Net_Ssl_Cipher cipher = EFL_NET_SSL_CIPHER_AUTO;
        if (cipher_choice)
          {
             if (strcmp(cipher_choice, "auto") == 0)
               cipher = EFL_NET_SSL_CIPHER_AUTO;
             else if (strcmp(cipher_choice, "sslv3") == 0)
               cipher = EFL_NET_SSL_CIPHER_SSLV3;
             else if (strcmp(cipher_choice, "tlsv1") == 0)
               cipher = EFL_NET_SSL_CIPHER_TLSV1;
             else if (strcmp(cipher_choice, "tlsv1.1") == 0)
               cipher = EFL_NET_SSL_CIPHER_TLSV1_1;
             else if (strcmp(cipher_choice, "tlsv1.2") == 0)
               cipher = EFL_NET_SSL_CIPHER_TLSV1_2;
          }

        ssl_ctx = efl_add(EFL_NET_SSL_CONTEXT_CLASS, NULL,
                          efl_net_ssl_context_certificates_set(efl_added, eina_list_iterator_new(certificates)),
                          efl_net_ssl_context_private_keys_set(efl_added, eina_list_iterator_new(private_keys)),
                          efl_net_ssl_context_certificate_revogation_lists_set(efl_added, eina_list_iterator_new(crls)),
                          efl_net_ssl_context_certificate_authorities_set(efl_added, eina_list_iterator_new(cas)),
                          efl_net_ssl_context_setup(efl_added, cipher, EINA_FALSE /* a server! */));

        efl_net_server_ssl_context_set(server, ssl_ctx);

        efl_net_server_ssl_close_on_exec_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* recommended */
        efl_net_server_ssl_reuse_address_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* optional, but nice for testing */
        efl_net_server_ssl_reuse_port_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* optional, but nice for testing... not secure unless you know what you're doing */
        if (socket_activated) efl_net_server_ssl_socket_activate(server, address);
     }
#ifndef _WIN32
   else if (cls == EFL_NET_SERVER_UNIX_CLASS)
     {
        efl_net_server_unix_unlink_before_bind_set(server, EINA_TRUE); /* makes testing easier */
        if (socket_activated) efl_net_server_fd_socket_activate(server, address);
     }
#endif

   /* an explicit call to efl_net_server_serve() after the object is
    * constructed allows for more complex setup, such as interacting
    * with the object to add more properties that couldn't be done
    * during efl_add().
    */
   if (!efl_net_server_serving_get(simple_server))
     {
        if (socket_activated)
          fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: --socket-activated, but not able to use $LISTEN_FDS descriptors. Try to start the server...\n");

        err = efl_net_server_serve(simple_server, address);
        if (err)
          {
             fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: could not serve(%s): %s\n",
                     address, eina_error_msg_get(err));
             goto end_server;
          }
     }

   ecore_main_loop_begin();

 end_server:
   efl_del(simple_server);
   simple_server = NULL;

 end:
   EINA_LIST_FREE(udp_mcast_groups, str)
     free(str);
   ecore_con_shutdown();
   ecore_shutdown();

   return retval;
}